Clinical optometry

Optometry is a health care profession which deals with the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system.

If you have the desire, the demonstrated academic skills, and a commitment to helping others, envision a career in optometry. If you are looking for a dynamic and challenging career, which allows you to help people, achieve personal growth, community respect, job flexibility and financial success and offers virtually unlimited opportunities, you can find it in the profession of optometry. Optometry is a 4 years degree course. Theories include anatomy and physiology of the eyes, mechanical optics, orthoptics, ocular motility etc. in the initial 3 years and the 4th year includes practical training.

Eligibility criteria for admission to clinical optometry :

The candidate must have completed 10+2 in science stream with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths and English for a Bachelor degree in clinical optometry Course.

The eligibility criterion for doing diploma course in optometry is a pass in class X or class XII.

For those who have taken diploma course in clinical optometry are eligible to get direct admission in the 3rd year of degree course in optometry.

Higher studies options after clinical optometry in bachelor
• Masters in Optometry
• M.Phil
• PhD

What career after clinical optometry:

   
1 Can start his or her own eye clinic, Optical shop, lens manufacturing unit, etc.
2 Can work for eye testing, Contact lenses, squint exercises, etc.
3 Can work with Optician shops, eye doctors, and Contact Lens and Ophthalmic lens industry, hospital eye departments, etc.
4 Can get jobs with Optician shops and hospitals in India and abroad.
5 Can take up teaching Optometry as a career with schools of Optometry
   

Clinical optometry

Optometry is a health care profession which deals with the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system.

If you have the desire, the demonstrated academic skills, and a commitment to helping others, envision a career in optometry. If you are looking for a dynamic and challenging career, which allows you to help people, achieve personal growth, community respect, job flexibility and financial success and offers virtually unlimited opportunities, you can find it in the profession of optometry. Optometry is a 4 years degree course. Theories include anatomy and physiology of the eyes, mechanical optics, orthoptics, ocular motility etc. in the initial 3 years and the 4th year includes practical training.

Eligibility criteria for admission to clinical optometry :

The candidate must have completed 10+2 in science stream with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths and English for a Bachelor degree in clinical optometry Course.

The eligibility criterion for doing diploma course in optometry is a pass in class X or class XII.

For those who have taken diploma course in clinical optometry are eligible to get direct admission in the 3rd year of degree course in optometry.

Higher studies options after clinical optometry in bachelor
• Masters in Optometry
• M.Phil
• PhD

What career after clinical optometry:

   
1 Can start his or her own eye clinic, Optical shop, lens manufacturing unit, etc.
2 Can work for eye testing, Contact lenses, squint exercises, etc.
3 Can work with Optician shops, eye doctors, and Contact Lens and Ophthalmic lens industry, hospital eye departments, etc.
4 Can get jobs with Optician shops and hospitals in India and abroad.
5 Can take up teaching Optometry as a career with schools of Optometry
   

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is concerned with the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health and the prevention of disability, in people of all ages. Physiotherapists optimise potential ability, physical function, independence and quality of life through rehabilitation practices.

To achieve this, physiotherapists require an extensive understanding of physical, structural and physiological aspects of human form and movement, as well as factors relating to human functioning and the acquisition of skill.

Physiotherapy often involves promotion of motor development and coordination, physical methods to control pain, therapeutic exercise for impaired muscle systems, assisting in the physical management of the cardio-respiratory system, or improving balance and motor control for better performance and function.

Eligibility Criteria

UG: For admission to a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. The duration of this course is 4 years.

PG: The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. The duration of this course is 2-3 years.

Some of its specialized fields are:

   
1 Integumentary
2 Cardiopulmonary
3 Sports Physiotherapy
4 Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy
5 Neurological Physiotherapy
6 Geriatric Physiotherapy
7 Pediatric physiotherapy
8 Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy (Orthopedics)
   

List of Courses:

   
1 Diploma in Physiotherapy
2 Bachelor of Physiotherapy
3 Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy
4 Bachelor of Science in Physiotherapy
5 Master of Physiotherapy in Community Physiotherapy
6 Master of Physiotherapy in Neuro-Physiotherapy
7 Master of Physiotherapy in Sports-Physiotherapy
8 Master of Science in Physical and Occupational Therapy
9 Post Graduate Diploma in Manual Therapy
10 Doctor of Philosophy in Physiotherapy
   

What career after Physiotherapy:

   
1 Osteopath
2 Lecturer
3 Researcher
4 Therapy Manager
5 Research Assistant
6 Customer Care Assistant
7 Assistant Physiotherapist
8 Sports Physio Rehabilitator
9 Self Employed Private Physiotherapist
   

Job Opportunities for Physiotherapy:

   
1 Due to mechanization and sedentary lifestyles, people face common muscular skeletal problems which include issues such as backache, stiff shoulders and neck, osteoarthritis knee, etc. In curing out the disorders, the physiotherapists work wonderfully the mainstream doctors. Physiotherapy can be considered a health profession which is concerned with maximization of mobility and quality of life by implementing clinical reasoning.
2 Physical therapists have ample job prospects in Hospitals, Nursing homes, Residential homes, Rehabilitation centers, Private offices such as Private practices or Private clinics, etc. Additionally, a person with qualification in physiotherapy can work at Out-patient clinics, Community health care centers or Primary health care centers, Fitness centers or Health clubs, Occupational health centers, Special schools and Senior citizen centers, etc.
3 Notwithstanding, job prospects for physiotherapists are bright in various sports centers, teaching, working in foreign countries with companies, N.G.Os, etc.
   

B. Optometry Programme

Optometry is a study of human eyes and matters related to its nature and eyesight problems. The program aims at imparting skills and knowledge in the correction of refractive conditions of the eye and prescription of glasses, in designing and fitting contact lenses, aniseikonic lenses and low vision aids, in the diagnosis and orthoptic treatment of oculomotor malfunctions, in public health optometry–education on ocular hygiene and related nutritional and environmental counseling and in the visual rehabilitation and follow-up of low vision patients. The duration of the course is four years and it is career orienting in nature that opens many options after it successful completion.

Duration: 4 Years
Level: Gaduration

Eligibility criteria for admission to optometry programme:

   
1 Higher Secondary Examination (10+2 course) or its equivalent with minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology OR Mathematics and English.
2 The candidate should be over 17 yr. of age as on 31st Dec. of the year of the admission.
   

Higher studies options after Optometry programme:

   
1 M.Sc. (Optometry)
2 Master of Clinical Optometry
   

What career after Optometry programme:

   
1 Optometrist
2 Technical Officer – Ophthalmology
3 Ocularist
4 Medical Officer
5 Clinical Trail Research Intelligence
6 Medical Coder
   

Job Opportunities for Optometry programme:

The job outlook for Optometry jobs is favorable, as it is predicted that there will be a growth in the number of people requiring vision correction. The increasing number of senior citizens with age related eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and macular degeneration will also require optometry services. Working conditions for Optometry Professionals are optimum, with regular hours and a minimum of emergency calls. Also due to the number of job openings, Optometrists have a choice of locations to live and work in, unlike other healthcare specialists

Pharmacy

Pharmacy is a division of science that deals with chemical and health sciences and ensures the effective and safe use of pharmaceutical drugs. Professionals who specialize in pharmacy are known as pharmacists. Pharmacists are concerned with manufacturing and quality control of pharmaceutical products. The job of pharmacists involves preparation or dispenses drugs and medicines such as ointments, tablets, and injections etc which are prescribed by the medical practitioner, veterinarian or dentist. Today pharmacy has changed into a hub for the 'Global Healthcare'. Presently, pharmacy is not associated only to dispensing and compounding medicines. It also includes services associated to healthcare, clinical services and reviewing safety of medications.

Eligibility criteria for admission to pharmacy:

UG: For admission in to bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (12th Std.) examination with science subject such as (biology, maths and chemistry). The duration for the bachelor degree course is 4 years and for diploma course is 2 years.

PG: The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subject science subject such as (biology, maths and chemistry). The duration for master's degree and post graduate diploma course is 2 years.

List of Courses:

   
1 Higher Secondary Examination (10+2 course) or its equivalent with minimum 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology OR Mathematics and English.
2 Diploma in Pharmacy
3 Diploma in Veterinary Pharmacy
4 Bachelor of Pharmacy
5 Bachelor of Pharmacy in Pharmacology
6 Bachelor of Ayurvedic Pharmacy
7 Master of Pharmacy
8 Master of Pharmacy in Clinical Pharmacy
9 Master of Pharmacy in Quality Assurance
10 Master of Science in Pharmacy
11 Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Chemistry
12 Doctor of Pharmacy
13 Doctor of Philosophy in Pharmacy
   

What career after Pharmacy:

   
1 Lecturer
2 Data Manager
3 Customs Officer
4 Drug Inspector
5 Analytical Chemist
6 Regulatory Manager
7 Researcher
8 Medical Transcriptionist
   

Some of its specialized fields are:

   
1 Pharmaceutics
2 Pharmaceutical Analysis
3 Pharmacy Practice
4 Cardiovascular Pharmacy
5 Pharmaceutical Chemistry
6 Infectious Disease Pharmacy
7 Oncology Pharmacy
8 Pharmacotherapy Pharmacy
9 Nuclear Pharmacy
10 Nutrition Pharmacy
11 Psychiatry Pharmacy
12 Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
   

Job Opportunities for Pharmacy:

In the present world there are number of pharmaceuticals companies, hospitals and nursing homes all over the globe exhibits rapid growth of the pharmacy sector. Pharmacy offers sensible job opportunities for their graduates in terms of business or by opening their own business. Candidates can open their own druggists shop or a pharmacy medical shop after completion of their degree or diploma program in pharmacy and after registering with a pharmacy council.

The majority of the job opportunities for a graduate in this field are available in a research institute, government department, universities, pharmaceutical industry and teaching hospitals. Doctor of philosophy and Master of pharmacy graduates are usually engaged in the research field for developing new drugs and analyzing them for strength and purity.

A number of MNC’s such as Smith Kline Beecham, E Merck and Hoechst work together with top Indian companies to develop numerous new drugs for the welfare of people.

G.N.M.(Nursing) Diploma General Nursing & Midwifery

The B. Sc. Nursing and General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) programme contains basic courses like Human Anatomy, Human Physiology, Microbiology and Bio-chemistry which will lay the base for the students for nursing practice. It gives exposure to the students for medical-surgical nursing, adult, geriatric nursing, maternal, pediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing and community health nursing to enable students come out as a professional Nurse. In addition, this course also helps the students to develop their skills, knowledge, and understanding in the field of research, administration and education.


Duration of the course :

3 ½ Years Program including six months internship


Eligibility criteria for admission to GNM Nursing :

Minimum and Maximum age for admission will be 17 and 35 years respectively on or before 31st July of the year of admission. For ANM/LHV, there is no age bar.


Minimum education :

10+2 class passed or its equivalent preferably with Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) subjects with aggregate of 50% marks.

Those who have cleared 10+2 vocational ANM course (revised after 2001) from the school recognized by Indian Nursing Council.

ANM training i.e. 10+1 ½ years training should also have passed +2 or its equivalent examination.

Admission of students shall be once in a year.

Students shall be medically fit.


Some of its specialized fields are :

   
1 Cardio Thoracic Nursing
2 Critical Care Nursing
3 Emergency and Disaster Nursing
4 Neonatal Nursing
5 Neuro Nursing
6 Nursing Education and Administration
7 Oncology Nursing
8 Operation Room Nursing
9 Orthopedic and Rehabilitation Nursing
10 Practitioner in Midwifery
11 Psychiatric
   

B.Sc. (Nursing) (Bachelor of Science in Nursing)

B.Sc. Nursing or Bachelor of Science in Nursing is an undergraduate Nursing course. Nursing is a healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death. During the course it is taught the nurses that how to work in a large variety of specialties where they work independently and as part of a team to assess, plan, implement and evaluate care. Nursing Science is a field of knowledge based on the contributions of nursing scientist through peer reviewed scholarly journals and evidenced-based practice. The duration of the course is four years but it depends on institute to institute as per their rules. The value of the course is an immense and it is job orienting in nature. The course is being provided by many colleges throughout the country.

Duration: 4 Years
Level: Graduation

Eligibility Criteria

Students who have passed their 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry or its equivalent exam can go for the nursing degree course.

Higher studies options after B.Sc. :

M.Sc. (Nursing)
M.Phil. (Nursing)
Ph.D. (Nursing)

What career after B.Sc. :

   
1 Nurse
2 Nursing Assist. Supervisor
3 Nursing Tutor
4 Nursing Educator
5 Home Care Nurses
6 Nursing Assistant
7 Nurse-Nursery School
8 Nurse & Patient Educator
9 Junior Psychiatric Nurse
10 Nurse Manager
11 Ward Nurse & Infection Control Nurse
   

Job Opportunities for B.Sc.:

Employers in health care industry are particularly inclined towards hiring B.Sc nursing graduates. Nursing is often considered as one of the very respectable services. After pursuing B Sc Nursing one can join as registered nurse in various hospitals, public health services, community agencies etc. Experienced professionals can work in areas like nursing administration, management and health care administration. . They can take up administrative job opportunities in any private or public hospital, clinics, private practices, rehabilitation centres, emergency centres, and any other health care related firms.

The best part of this course is that after this course a candidate has got ample job opportunities abroad. No other undergraduate course offer this much job opportunities in foreign countries. Salary packages are comparatively higher than that in India.

Medical Laboratory Technician

A medical laboratory technician performs a wide range of laboratory tests that aid in diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and monitoring conditions such as diabetes, AIDS, and cancer. At career entry level, the MLT performs routine clinical lab tests such as hematology, clinical chemistry, blood bank, microbiology, serology/immunology, coagulation, molecular, and other emerging diagnostic tests. Clinical laboratory science is a dynamic profession that continually changes as new medical knowledge is discovered.


Eligibility criteria for admission to Medical Laboratory Technician :

After completion of all pre-requisites (1 year) and formal admission, the program is 12 months (3 semesters). The MLT program begins in MAY each year

Applicants are contacted at the end of March for interview dates. Twelve (12) students are accepted each year into the MLT.


Job Opportunities for Medical Laboratory Technician :

The skills that Medical Laboratory Technicians have make them employable in a number of environments, including hospital laboratories, private clinics, research labs, vet labs, industry, forensic studies, and public health facilities. Upon completion of the program, students are eligible to apply to take national certification examinations and make application for Tennessee Licensure as a Medical Laboratory Technicians.


Radiation Technician

Radiography is a paramedical professional course, offered to individuals who will one day perform diagnostic tests in medical treatment with the use of radiation. In simple terms, radiography may be described as the science of taking images of the internal and hidden portions of the human body for the purpose of diagnosing diseases and ailments. This includes the use of ultrasound, X-ray, CT scan, MRI, etc.

This profession, calls for considerable technological expertise. Radiographers work as a part of the healthcare team in the Diagnostic Imaging Department, Accident & Emergency, Intensive Care Unit and Operating Theatre.

A career in radiography can be very promising. The demand for radiographers has increased considerably in recent times, with significant technological development in medical sciences creating new job opportunities.


Eligibility criteria for admission to Radiation Technician :

Someone who wants to pursue a B.Sc in Radiography should have completed (10+2) preferably with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Maths. The duration of the course is three years. You can also take up one-year certificate courses after 10+2 Science.

There are some institutes that conduct 2-year diploma courses in diagnostic radiography and radiotherapy.


What career after Radiation Technician :

Radiography is one of the most promising career options in the paramedical field. Employment prospects for radiographers are good, both within the country and overseas.

With health services increasing leaps and bounds, radiographers are constantly in demand in nursing homes, hospitals, diagnostic centers as well as super-specialty hospitals.

In India, radiographers can work both in private & government hospitals. Jobs are available on part time and full-time work.


BMLT (Bachelor of medical lab technology)

B.M.L.T. or Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology is an undergraduate Medical Lab Technologist programme. Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology program aims to provide the aspirant with sufficient knowledge and skills to carry out routine laboratory diagnostic procedures and some sophisticated laboratory diagnostic procedures. The course deals with new advances in Management of Laboratories, instrumentation etc. The duration of the course is three years and it is career orienting in nature and its syllabus is divided into six semesters.

Duration: 3 Years
Level: Graduation

Eligibility Criteria

Students should be passed in class 12th in Science with minimum 50% (45% for SC/ST) or equivalent CGPA.

Higher studies options after BMLT :

• M.Sc. (Medical Lab Technology)
• Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology

Job Opportunities for B.H.M.S:

Medical lab technologist and medical microbiologist have huge career opportunity in modern medical sector. It is possible for BMLT holders to start their own clinical laboratory. This can be started, under the supervision of the pathologists. A professional doctor needs a trained technician for his/her clinical laboratory to diagnose different diseases. Some of the diseases are like Hepatitis, Cancer Markers, AIDS, Malarial parasites, Tuberculosis, Arthritis, etc. There are many opportunity for the fresher’s to get a good job in this area. Most of the private nursing homes and health institutes are appointing laboratory technologist. The demand for skilled candidates from this area is increasing in many hospitals and clinics abroad.

After completing B.M.L.T you can become:

   
1 • Medical Lab Technician
2 • B.optom. (optometry)Bachelor of
3 • B. Optom. or Bachelor of Optometry is an undergraduate
   

BAMS (Bachelor of ayurvadic medicine and surgery)


B.A.M.S. or Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery is a recognized bachelor degree in alternative medicine (Ayurveda) in India. The BAMS course is of five and half year’s duration including one year compulsory internship. It is a graduate level degree of five and half years in ancient health science known as Ayurveda. The syllabus of BAMS course is like an integrated degree that is equal to or above MBBS study, but politically or legally not recognized as an integrated system in India or outside India.

Eligibility criteria for admission to b.a.m.s. :

If you want to do degree in Ayurveda, then you need to pass out 12th class with medical science. The essential subjects in 12th class are Physics, Chemistry and Biology. In addition, you should secure minimum 50% or above marks in these subjects. Age: 17 years or above

Career after B.A.M.S.?

   
1 General Ayurvedic Practice
2 Government Jobs as Ayurvedic Medical Officer
3 Research Worker
4 Healthcare Administration
5 Health Supervisor
6 Manager in ayurvedic pharmacies
   

Higher studies options after BAMS:

   
1 MPH – Masters in Public Health
2 MPH – Masters in Public Health
3 MD – In various subjects as studied during BAMS course
4 MBA – In hospital management (not good colleges are providing MBA to Ayurveda( graduates)
   

Job Opportunities for B.A.M.S

BAMS graduates can find a lot of job opportunities in India as well as abroad. They can find job openings as medical officer or as doctors in private or government hospitals. After obtaining sufficient experience in the area, they can start their own private practice. BAMS graduates can also work in Industries offering ayurvedic products. They can find employment as Professors in Colleges offering Ayurvedic courses and as supervisors in ayurvedic health centers. After gaining 1-2 years experience in a pharmaceutical company, BAMS degree holders can apply for a drug-manufacturing license. These license holders can start up their own pharmaceutical firm. Another option for BAMS graduates is to have research in the related area or they can work as research scientist in reputed companies that deals with Ayurveda.

BHMS (Bachelor of homoeopathic medicine and surgery)

B.H.M.S. or Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery is an undergraduate Homoeopathic Medical course. Homoeopathy is a holistic system of medicine which is based on treating the individual with highly diluted substances given in mainly tablet form, which triggers the body’s natural system of healing. The duration of B.H.M.S. is 5½ years which includes internship. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery degree as a holistic alternative medicine degree provides basic and in depth knowledge of the Homoeopathic medicinal system. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery can also be pursued through correspondence or through distance education program.

eligibility criteria for admission to b.h.m.s. :

The eligibility for the course is 10+2 with a minimum of 50% or equivalent level examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English. Admission to the B.H.M.S. is based on merit. In some states there is a joint entrance exam for B.H.M.S. along with the M.B.B.S. and B.D.S. tests. The Admission is based on performance of the candidate in written test which may be followed by personal interview. Minimum age limit is 17 years.

Higher studies options after B.H.M.S. :

   
1 Master of science in psychiatry
2 Master of science in endocrinology
3 Master of science in regenerative medicine
4 Doctor of medicine in homeopathy
5 Doctor of medicine in pediatrics
6 Doctor of medicine in repertory
7 Doctor of medicine in Hom-Organon of medicine
8 Doctor of medicine in -pharmacy
9 Doctor of medicine in Hom-practise of medicine.
10 Doctor of medicine in homeopathic philosophy and organ on
11 Doctor of medicine in homeopathy-materia medica
12 Doctor of medicine in homeopathy –Psychiatry
   

Career after B.H.M.S. ?

   
1 Homeopathic Doctor
2 Pharmacist
3 Consultant
4 Public Health Specialists
5 Researchers
6 Private Practice
7 Teachers
   

Job Opportunities for B.H.M.S:

A large number of people are unsatisfied with Allopathic treatment and are never fully cured. Therefore the demand for a natural and alternative healing treatment has increased many folds. Those looking for complete cure of their disease often turn to Homoeopathic Doctors. Moreover Homoeopathic medicine is considered to have no side effects. These factors have encouraged Homoeopaths to open up their own clinics and profiting from a medicine system which earlier wasn't as reputed as it is now. Apart from this opportunities include in both private and public sector

BDS (Bachelor of dental and surgery)

Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention and the treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body. Dentistry is an intellectually stimulating career, largely based on scientific principles, yet encompassing artistic flair. An important role of the profession is promotion of oral health and the preparation of dental diseases.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS Course) is divided into 4 years of training and one year of compulsory rotatory internship. The students are taught the basics of medicine and they would be dealt in depth with various aspects of dentistry, including dental materials, dental anatomy, oral histopathology, oral pathology, community dentistry, pedodontics, prosthodontics, periodontics, conservative endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral medicine and radiology, ortho dental and dentofacial.

Eligibility Criteria

   
1 The candidate must have passed 10+2 and equivalent course in the science stream which includes biology, physics and chemistry. Candidate must have secured not less than 50% marks in the aggregate in the qualifying examinations. He must have completed a minimum age of 17 years.
2 Entrance Examinations are conducted in major cities all over India. Advertisements are given, regarding issue of Application forms for Common Entrance Examination, important dates etc., in all leading newspapers all over India are also notified. The All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam conducted by the CBSE is common for both the M.B.B.S. and the Bachelor of Dental Sciences (BDS). The allocation of institutions is based on merit.
   

Higher education after BDS :

   
1 Master of Dental Surgery
2 Master of Dental Surgery in Community Dentistry
3 Master of Dental Surgery in Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
4 Master of Dental Surgery in Conservative Dentistry
5 Master of Dental Surgery in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology
6 Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Medicine & Radiology
7 Master of Dental Surgery in Pediatric Dentistry
8 Master of Dental Surgery in Pedodontics
9 Master of Dental Surgery in Pedodontia & Preventive Dentistry
10 Master of Dental Surgery in Preventive Community Dentistry
11 Master of Dental Surgery in Prosthodontics
12 Master of Dental Surgery in Public Health Dentistry
13 Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Medicine
14 Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology & Microbiology
15 Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology
16 Master of Science in Prosthetics and Orthotics
17 Doctor of Philosophy in Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
18 Doctor of Philosophy in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology
19 Doctor of Philosophy in Oral Medicine and Radiology
20 Doctor of Philosophy in Prosthodontics
21 Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health Dentistry
22 Doctor of Philosophy in Orthodontics
23 Doctor of Philosophy in Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
24 Doctor of Philosophy in Periodontics
   

What career after BDS:

   
1 Consultant
2 Dental Assistant
3 Dental Hygienist
4 Dental Surgeon
5 Dental Lab Technician / Ceramist
6 Forensics
7 Oral Pathologist
8 Medical Representative / Sales Representative
9 Private Practitioners
10 Public Health Specialists
11 Professors
   

Job Opportunities for B.H.M.S:

Excellent employment opportunities are available for dentists in dental departments in hospitals, nursing homes, dental clinics and health departments. You can also seek a teaching job in any of the dental colleges spread across the country.

Apart from this, as a dentist you can seek work in the research and advisory departments of pharmaceuticals. Opportunities are there in companies producing oral care products like toothpaste, mouth wash, and gum care products.

Self-employment is also a promising avenue. With experience, you can start your own individual clinic. Many dentists prefer private practice as it provides the best financial prospects along with a greater level of independence.

After completing B.D.S. you can become:

• Dental Surgeon • Dentist

MBBS

An Introduction

MBBS refers to Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. These degrees are treated as one degree but are awarded together when in practice. There are different abbreviations used for these degrees in different countries which offer them in their learning institutions.

The career in MBBS and higher grades is very rewarding career for those who are interested in Science and dealing with sick people. This profession requires a lot of hard work and gives the satisfaction of curing patients from sickness. After MBBS, post graduate level studies (MD or MS) can be conducted and there are many specializations including General Medicine, General Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, and Anesthesiology. There are also options for super specialization through PhD in any area of medicine.

Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility criteria for admission to MBBS course is strictly based on Rules and Regulations of Medical Council of India. The candidate must have passed the qualifying examination as under: The higher secondary examination of the Indian school Certificate Examination which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher Secondary Examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of study comprising of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics or any other elective subjects with English at a level not less than core course of English as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training after the introduction of the 10+2+3 years educational structure as recommended by the National Committee on education OR other qualifications as recognized by Medical Council of India.

The Candidate should have passed the qualifying examination which is 2nd PUC or 10+2 higher secondary or equivalent examination. The last two years of study comprising Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) with English as a compulsory subject, must have passed these subjects individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% of marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. In addition, in the competitive entrance test, the candidate must have secured not less than 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

In respect of candidates belonging to Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribes or Other Backward Class the marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together in qualifying examination and competitive entrance examination shall be 40% instead of 50% as stated above.

Age: The candidates should have completed 17 years of age on or before 31st day of December of the year of admission.

Career after MBBS ?

Pursuing an career in medicine is a dream for many aspiring candidates all over with an compulsive aim to serve mankind. The doorstep to such a lucrating career starts with joining a MBBS course which is of four years duration with an added practical internship. But even after completing their dream course the real Question come to mind.

   
1 After completing the mbbs course you can obtain your registration and become a Well known physician DOCTOR, OR AN EXPERT SURGEON. Open up a clinic and employ business skills to earn successfully.
2 Obtain an higher specialty by continuing post graduation education studies in different branches in medicine or surgery (M.D /M.S/M.Ch/P.hd) .Practice independently or join a reputed firm .Different options are Cardiology, Ear Nose Throat,Anaesthesia,Orthopedics,Pediatrics,Dermatology,Forensic sciences,Plastic surgery,Radiology,Psychiatry etc.Higher education can be obtained in India or many universities abroad.
3 Many have a passion for research in the medical world. There are many research establishments like ICMR (Indian council for medical research),Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, CCMB (center for cellular and molecular biology), Tata institute of fundamental research (TIFR) ,NIMHANS(national institute of medical health and neurosciences) and also join World health organisation(WHO) projects. These institutes offer fellowships, PhD and MSc degrees for clinical and paramedical fields.
4 You can further pursue your MBA from a reputed college in India or abroad. Many MBA management schools at present are giving admission to Doctors easily as there is a huge demand for medical professionals in health care in India. Later they can enjoy a challenging positions in insurance / health care and management industry in both government, medical software companies, Universities, Private companies, WHO/UNICEF and hospital administration.
5 If candidates really want to earn fast and progress by serving the healthcare management sector, then they can pursue a specialization post graduation course MD (Master's Degree in Hospital Administration) This three years programme help them to acquire conceptual skillfulness in projecting, planning and resource managing big specialty hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, mental facilities, insurance companies, and health care consulting organizations. This study helps them to save many lives and help in cost effective administration of the industry to grow.
6 You can work in medical informatics sector in medical IT companies, Nanotechnology, medical robotics and call centers, medical transcription services and software programmers.
7 Apply for public service (UPSC) civil service examinations and become an IAS officer.
8 The medical professionals can work in various pharmaceutical companies as medico marketing officers and also find themselves a position as laboratory research assistant .
   

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