ENGINEERING –

The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures.

“The Action of Working Artfully To Bring Something About”

It is by using the application of technical and scientific knowledge that engineers put judgment, imagination and reasoning to work in order to come up with new solutions to human problems or new ways to solve old problems. So, if that has left you feeling a bit hazy, the best way to summarize all of this is that engineers are problem solvers.

Is Engineering for you?

You may be curious about certain things and about the way they work, or you could be someone who loves to solve problems. If this sounds like you and you want to create certain things that could well change the way that everybody lives, engineering could be the absolutely perfect career for you. So, if that does sound like you, why not inquire a little more to see just how you can take the first steps into working as an engineer. In today’s world, engineers are mainly concerned with maintaining and improving living standards and quality of life in a society. Almost every aspect in our lives has somehow been influenced by engineers – the water we drink; the buildings we live in, learn in and work in; the products created in factories; the computers we surf the net on; medical services and technologies we rely on; the appliances and vehicles that make our lives more efficient and comfortable.

Eligibility Criteria for Engineering:

In our country, any student passing 10+2 with science is eligible to sit in the entrance tests that are conducted at both the state and the national level. Only those who pass the entrance successfully are allowed to secure admission in various engineering colleges throughout the country.

What Courses To Do After Engineering?

All you need to know about the best courses after engineering can be found here. This article will be of great help to guys who are either in final or pre final year of engineering. One must plan well in advance about one’s studies and career. This article analyses in detail many courses and options you can pursue after engineering.

M Tech

This is the course that most students pursue once they complete their engineering. This course has many takers because of the job opportunities that it has to offer. If you really want that edge over B Tech grads or you have set your eyes on becoming a lecturer, this course is highly recommended. The course is two years long and the demand for M Tech grads isn’t going to die any soon.

MBA

Many companies are looking for engineers with great management skills. If you get an MBA after your B Tech, your value rises exponentially. There is no need to hurry and enroll for an MBA soon after B Tech. You may take up a job, prepare for MBA entrance at the same time and enroll after a couple of years. In this way you have three advantages: you have B Tech degree, work experience and an MBA degree by the time you finish Management course.

Various Software Courses

This will be helpful to Computer engineering and It engineering students. These fields are progressing at such a rapid pace that a mere graduation won’t get you jobs. The key is to stay up-to-date. There are various private institutes offering software and hardware courses. One must select the best available course which will offer you some advantage over other graduates. NIIT is well known to offer some great software courses that you can take up after engineering. The good thing is that such courses last just 6 month to 1 year.

Marine Courses

Fascinated at the prospect of faring seas? Have a penchant towards leading an adventurous life? Don’t mind staying in a ship for months together, away from land? Well, this is the field that you’d love. It is also highly rewarding job and offers good salary to freshers too.

Armed Forces

This is exciting and rewarding job. To get into the armed forces, you have to appear for the CDS (Combined Defense Services) exam. Once you pass the written exam and SSB interview, you will have to undergo a one year course. After the completion of the course, you will be inducted into Army/Navy/ Air Force, whichever is your choice.

Animation, Graphics, VFX

Many of you might consider such courses useless. But if you are creative enough and enjoy such works, there is no dearth of job in these fields. Companies are looking for skilled and efficient grads and there is a shortage of talented grads in this field. There are a number of private institutes offering such courses.

Engineering Job Opportunities:

Engineers of each and every field are in great demand throughout the world and have great job opportunities. They can work in both government and private sectors, in almost any and every industry, in the software companies and moreover they can set up their own business. Whatever they do, whichever way they wish to work, the scope of earning a satisfactory amount of money is present everywhere employers are minimum gets Rs 20,000-25,000 as salary at the initial stage of there carrier and as usual it’s increased day by day depending upon the college from which you are passing out, it can be even more. This is one of the highest paying careers.

Branches -

   
1 Computer science engineering
2 Civil engineering
3 Mechanical engineering
4 Electrical engineering
5 Electronics & Communication engineering
6 Information technology
7 Agricultural Engineering
8 Textile engineering
9 Chemical engineering
10 Automobile engineering
11 Aeronautical engineering
12 Aircraft maintenance engineering
13 Marine engineering
14 Nautical engineering
15 Biotechnology
16 Petroleum Engineering
17 Instrumentation engineering

ENGINEERING –

The branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures.

“The Action of Working Artfully To Bring Something About”

It is by using the application of technical and scientific knowledge that engineers put judgment, imagination and reasoning to work in order to come up with new solutions to human problems or new ways to solve old problems. So, if that has left you feeling a bit hazy, the best way to summarize all of this is that engineers are problem solvers.

Is Engineering for you?

You may be curious about certain things and about the way they work, or you could be someone who loves to solve problems. If this sounds like you and you want to create certain things that could well change the way that everybody lives, engineering could be the absolutely perfect career for you. So, if that does sound like you, why not inquire a little more to see just how you can take the first steps into working as an engineer. In today’s world, engineers are mainly concerned with maintaining and improving living standards and quality of life in a society. Almost every aspect in our lives has somehow been influenced by engineers – the water we drink; the buildings we live in, learn in and work in; the products created in factories; the computers we surf the net on; medical services and technologies we rely on; the appliances and vehicles that make our lives more efficient and comfortable.

Eligibility Criteria for Engineering:

In our country, any student passing 10+2 with science is eligible to sit in the entrance tests that are conducted at both the state and the national level. Only those who pass the entrance successfully are allowed to secure admission in various engineering colleges throughout the country.

What Courses To Do After Engineering?

All you need to know about the best courses after engineering can be found here. This article will be of great help to guys who are either in final or pre final year of engineering. One must plan well in advance about one’s studies and career. This article analyses in detail many courses and options you can pursue after engineering.

M Tech

This is the course that most students pursue once they complete their engineering. This course has many takers because of the job opportunities that it has to offer. If you really want that edge over B Tech grads or you have set your eyes on becoming a lecturer, this course is highly recommended. The course is two years long and the demand for M Tech grads isn’t going to die any soon.

MBA

Many companies are looking for engineers with great management skills. If you get an MBA after your B Tech, your value rises exponentially. There is no need to hurry and enroll for an MBA soon after B Tech. You may take up a job, prepare for MBA entrance at the same time and enroll after a couple of years. In this way you have three advantages: you have B Tech degree, work experience and an MBA degree by the time you finish Management course.

Various Software Courses

This will be helpful to Computer engineering and It engineering students. These fields are progressing at such a rapid pace that a mere graduation won’t get you jobs. The key is to stay up-to-date. There are various private institutes offering software and hardware courses. One must select the best available course which will offer you some advantage over other graduates. NIIT is well known to offer some great software courses that you can take up after engineering. The good thing is that such courses last just 6 month to 1 year.

Marine Courses

Fascinated at the prospect of faring seas? Have a penchant towards leading an adventurous life? Don’t mind staying in a ship for months together, away from land? Well, this is the field that you’d love. It is also highly rewarding job and offers good salary to freshers too.

Armed Forces

This is exciting and rewarding job. To get into the armed forces, you have to appear for the CDS (Combined Defense Services) exam. Once you pass the written exam and SSB interview, you will have to undergo a one year course. After the completion of the course, you will be inducted into Army/Navy/ Air Force, whichever is your choice.

Animation, Graphics, VFX

Many of you might consider such courses useless. But if you are creative enough and enjoy such works, there is no dearth of job in these fields. Companies are looking for skilled and efficient grads and there is a shortage of talented grads in this field. There are a number of private institutes offering such courses.

Engineering Job Opportunities:

Engineers of each and every field are in great demand throughout the world and have great job opportunities. They can work in both government and private sectors, in almost any and every industry, in the software companies and moreover they can set up their own business. Whatever they do, whichever way they wish to work, the scope of earning a satisfactory amount of money is present everywhere employers are minimum gets Rs 20,000-25,000 as salary at the initial stage of there carrier and as usual it’s increased day by day depending upon the college from which you are passing out, it can be even more. This is one of the highest paying careers.

Branches -

   
1 Computer science engineering
2 Civil engineering
3 Mechanical engineering
4 Electrical engineering
5 Electronics & Communication engineering
6 Information technology
7 Agricultural Engineering
8 Textile engineering
9 Chemical engineering
10 Automobile engineering
11 Aeronautical engineering
12 Aircraft maintenance engineering
13 Marine engineering
14 Nautical engineering
15 Biotechnology
16 Petroleum Engineering
17 Instrumentation engineering

Computer science

An Introduction

Computer engineering refers to the study that integrates electronic engineering with computer sciences to design and develop computer systems and other technological devices. Computer engineering professionals have expertise in a variety of diverse areas such as software design, electronic engineering and integrating software and hardware.

Major Specialties

   
1 HARDWARE
2 SOFTWARE
3 Network

Software Engineering:

The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software, and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering and computer science to software.

Hardware engineering:

Designing, developing, and testing various computer equipments. Can range from circuit boards and microprocessors to routers

Network engineering:

Designing, deploying and maintaining computer networks, such as corporate networks or the Internet.

The Body and the Mind -

Computer engineers are concerned with analyzing and solving computer-oriented problems. CPEs understand both the hardware and the software of computers. This enables them to choose the solution that is best, not just the one they know. Sometimes the answer to making a program more efficient is a change in the computer itself. Sometimes it's cheaper and faster to change the software than the hardware. The knowledge of both the "body" and the "mind" of a computer help computer engineer work at the microscopic level and on a large, system-wide scale.

Scope

Computer engineering graduates typically have some of the highest starting salaries in engineering. Computer engineers have the option of moving into hardware or software positions, or blending the two. Typical industries hiring computer engineers include financial services, computer manufacturers, chemical companies, defense contractors, consulting, transportation, manufacturing, and consumer goods. Computer engineers are equally successful in large multinational firms and small startups.

Civil engineering

An Introduction

Much of the physical infrastructure of our modern society is provided by Civil Engineers. Civil Engineers are concerned with all types of structures including dams, bridges, pipelines, roads, towers and buildings. They are responsible for the design and construction of all our transport systems, the design and management of our gas and water supply, sewerage systems, harbours, airports and railways. Civil Engineers plan, design and test the structures of private and public buildings and facilities.

They are also involved in many environmental areas such as the assessment of the impact large scale projects have on the environment and the collection and treatment of sewage and industrial wastes, pollution control, environmental control and resource protection and managemen

There are a number of technical specialties within the realm of Civil Engineering, these include:

   
1 Structural engineering

creating the structural elements of design, whether for bridges, or skyscrapers. Probably the oldest single specialty in civil engineering, going all the way back to Pharaoh’s pyramids.

2 Geotechnical engineering

concerned with the rock and soil which supports the structures that other civil engineers design.

3 Environmental engineering

designing systems for the treatment of chemical, biological and thermal wastes.

4 Materials engineering

these are the experts on the various materials which other civil engineers use for their projects.

5 Water resource engineering

concerned with the collection and management of water. Some of the earliest known civil engineers were the Roman engineers who created the aqueducts.

6 Earthquake engineering

a specialty dealing with creating buildings and other structures which can withstand the stresses of earthquakes without falling.

7 Coastal engineering

managing the coastal areas of our country, including marshlands. Coastal engineers create defenses against flooding and erosion.

Scope

Civil engineers are employed in the public and private sectors in large numbers in all branches of design, construction, maintenance of roads, highways, bridges, dams, canals, docks, airports, housing complexes and in environment management etc. Civil engineers also make a career in quality testing laboratories, join military and defense services, or work as consultants.

Mechanical engineering

An Introduction

Mechanical Engineering is the broadest of all engineering disciplines, encompassing areas such as energy, fluid mechanics, dynamics, combustion, vibration, design, manufacturing processes, systems modeling and simulation, mechatronics, robotics, mechanics of material, rapid prototyping and composites.

Mechanical engineers create and develop mechanical systems for all of humankind. Concerned with the principles of force, energy and motion, mechanical engineers use their knowledge of design, manufacture, and operational processes to advance the world around us — enhancing safety, economic vitality and enjoyment throughout the world.

Scope

Since mechanical engineering is the broadest of all engineering fields, the job prospects on offer for skilled mechanical engineers are aplenty and unending. Mechanical engineers are required to design, test, manufacture, install, operate and maintain a wide array of machines and mechanical systems that are used in countless industries. These professionals can find employment both in the government and private sector undertakings.

Major industries that employ mechanical engineers include automobiles, space research, aeronautical, energy and utilities, air conditioning, bio-mechanical industry. Other major employers include giant manufacturing plants, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, turbine manufacturing plants, oil and gas exploration and refining industries and the agricultural sector.

In the government sector, mechanical engineers can provide their knowledge to various government run projects in the role of technical experts and consultants. They can also work in private engineering companies that provide technical consultancy to both government and corporate firms.

These engineers can also hold high managerial positions in government as well as private sector organizations according to their field of expertise and educational qualifications.

Electrical engineering

An Introduction

Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment. Some of this equipment includes electric motors; machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings; radar and navigation systems; communications systems; and power generation, control, and transmission devices used by electric utilities. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft. Although the terms electrical and electronics engineering often are used interchangeably in academia and industry, electrical engineers traditionally have focused on the generation and supply of power, whereas electronics engineers have worked on applications of electricity to control systems or signal processing. Electrical engineers specialize in areas such as power systems engineering or electrical equipment manufacturing.

Scope

Electrical engineers are needed to develop, design, manufacture, test, evaluate, market, sell and manage electrical and electronic systems. Job prospects for electrical engineers are quite good. Tech EE graduates have gone to work for companies including Boeing, Raytheon, AdTran, Motorola, Intel, TVA, AEDC, Bell South, Nashville Electric and Square-D

Electrical engineering graduates are typically among those with the highest starting salaries. As EE has grown essential to more and more industries, career options have blossomed.

EEs can work in product development, product testing, system management, sales, and consulting in industries including amusements, wireless communication, consumer electronics, power, transportation, manufacturing, automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical, defense and more.

Electronics & Communication engineering

An Introduction

Electronics & Communication Engineering deals with the electronic devices, circuits, communication equipments like transmitter, receiver, integrated circuits (IC). It also deals with basic electronics, analog and digital transmission & reception of data, voice and video (Example AM, FM, DTH), microprocessors, satellite communication, microwave engineering, antennae and wave progression. It aims to deepen the knowledge and skills of the students on the basic concepts and theories that will equip them in their professional work involving analysis, systems implementation, operation, production, and maintenance of the various applications in the field of Electronics and Communications Engineering.

Scope

Electronics and Communication Engineering opens up great career prospects for the students. The students after completion of the degree can easily avail job opportunities in manufacturing industries and service organizations such as broadcasting, consulting, data communication, entertainment, research and development; and system support. The candidates can also work in modern multimedia service firms that are involved in real-time transfer of information through video conferencing and internet broadcasting.

The opportunities are galore for electronics and communication engineers as they are employed in variety of sectors such as Indian Telephone Industries, Civil Aviation, Development Centers in various States, Defense, NPL, A.I.R, Posts and Telegraph Department, Railways, Bharat Electronics Limited, D.R.D.O, Telecommunication, Software Engineering/IT, Power sector, Hardware Manufacturing, Home Appliance and VLSI design, Television Industry and Research & Development.

Information technology

An Introduction

The field of engineering involving computer-based hardware and software systems, and communication systems, to enable the acquisition, representation, storage, transmission, and use of information. Successful implementation of information technology (IT) is dependent upon being able to cope with the overall architecture of systems, their interfaces with humans and organizations, and their relationships with external environments. It is also critically dependent on the ability to successfully convert information into knowledge.

IT engineers apply their technical knowledge to solve a variety of technological challenges. They may also create new technologies, including the development of networking solutions and software programs. A bachelor's degree is generally required, and a master's degree may be necessary for more advanced positions.

IT engineers help to meet their employer's needs for computer hardware, software and networking tools. They work to develop, test, install, configure and troubleshoot computer hardware and software. As part of this process, they work to create proper documentation, diagrams and other detailed instructions to help other employees make the best use of new technologies.

Scope | Information Technology

stream offers a lot of job opportunities for the graduates. IT Service provider based companies concerned in hardware/software development, application and its testing employ IT professionals. Some of the top companies employ IT Engineers such as Unisys, Qualcomm, Tata Elixi, Sasken Communications, Airtel, BSNL, Hutchison,Vodafone, VSNL, Accenture, Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, ASUS, Cisco Systems, National Instruments, Cypress Semiconductor Tech. Ltd, BEL, Robert Bosch, Alcatel, Siemens, Boeing, Analog Devices India, Insilica Semiconductors and Xilinx India. There are also lots of job opportunities available in India as well as abroad.

Some job titles: -

   
1 Programmers
2 PHP Developer
3 Oracle PL/SQL Developer
4 Quality Analyst
5 IT Specialists
6 Technology Engineer
7 Technical Consultant
8 Software Developer
9 Graphic Designer

Agricultural Engineering

An Introduction

Agricultural engineering incorporates many science disciplines and technology practices to the efficient production and processing of food, feed, fiber and fuels. It involves disciplines like mechanical engineering (agricultural machinery and automated machine systems), soil science (crop nutrient and fertilization, etc.), environmental sciences (drainage and irrigation), plant biology (seeding and plant growth management), animal science (farm animals and housing) and much more.

Agricultural engineers develop and install agricultural, horticultural and forestry machinery and processes. They also advise farmers, companies and government departments on countryside issues. These could range from crop diversity through to sustainable land use.

This job requires excellent scientific and IT skills. You will need to be able to plan your work effectively. You will also need to be able to lead a team.

Scope

Typical employers include equipment manufacturers, agrochemical companies, government departments, forestry companies, overseas development agencies and educational institutions.

With experience you could move into project management, specialist technical research and development, technical sales, business development, teaching or consultancy work.

You could also move into related areas such as manufacturing and electrical or mechanical engineering. Other options include overseas agricultural development and disaster relief. The job titles of an Agriculture Engineer vary from -

   
1 Designer
2 Agricultural and Biosystems Engineer
3 Product Support Specialist
4 Production Engineer.

Textile engineering

An Introduction

Textile engineering, also known as textile technology, is the study of various principles form engineering and scientific methodologies. These principles are then implemented for the processing and production of all kinds of textile fabric and yarns from textile fibers. The disciple involves extensive study of chemical and physical principles, which is then utilized for the detailed study and analysis of the behavior of polymers involved in the formation of textile fiber.

Textile engineering is an innovative field as it is a scientific realm. It involves the creative research, study, and exploration of new techniques for production and improvisation. Textile manufacturers not only seek to develop and find new techniques for the production of new fabrics of better quality, but they also constantly work on improving existing textile fibers.

Scope

Employers are employed in departments of textile plants and companies varying from small to big scale, i.e., production, planning, quality control, sales or marketing or in agencies of domestic or foreign companies for textile products and textile machinery, concentrated in different regions of the country. In India, there are two major textile sectors- handloom sector (the unorganized one) and the mechanized sector (organized sector). These both have full growth potential. There are thousands of textiles mills all over the country.

Graduates with textile chemistry find careers in dyeing and finishing, technical services, research and development, quality control, product development, polymer science and environmental control. Most graduates of the with textile management program initially enter management trainee programs which can ultimately lead to plant or corporate management. Other career options include technical sales, industrial engineering, product development, marketing, customer relations, human resources, and cost and inventory control. So one who has a degree in Textile Engineering can work as:

   
1 Process engineer
2 Quality control supervisor
3 Technical Services/Sales Manager
4 Operations Trainee
5 Process Improvement Engineer
6 Medical Textiles Engineer

Chemical engineering

An Introduction

Chemical Engineering is a branch of engineering that applies the natural (or experimental) sciences (e.g. chemistry and physics) and life sciences (e.g. biology, microbiology and biochemistry) together with mathematics and economics to produce, transform, transport, and properly use chemicals, materials and energy. It essentially deals with the engineering of chemicals, energy and the processes that create and/or convert them. Modern chemical engineers are concerned with processes that convert raw-materials or (cheap) chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. In addition, they are also concerned with pioneering valuable materials and related techniques – which are often essential to related fields such as nanotechnology, fuel cells and bioengineering. Within chemical engineering, two broad subgroups include design, manufacture, and operation of plants and machinery in industrial chemical and related processes ("chemical process engineers") and development of new or adapted substances for products ranging from foods and beverages to cosmetics to cleaners to pharmaceutical ingredients, among many other products ("chemical product engineers").

Scope

Chemical engineering is a well-respected degree that opens many career paths across industry, commerce and finance (employers appreciate that chemical engineering graduates have analytical and problem-solving skills that are second to none).

Careers are equally diverse - industries you could work in include:- food and drink, consultancy, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, tissue engineering and much more.

Automobile engineering

Introduction

automobile engineering deals with designing and manufacturing new vehicle, repairing and servicing of old vehicle. It is indeed a sub-branch of mechanical engineering and also known as automotive engineering or vehicle engineering. It involves studying motor systems, design, technology and many more. The rapid advancement in technology in recent years has ushered in a new era of hi-tech vehicles, making the business environment in the Indian auto industry very conducive. Your prospects as an automobile engineer will be favorable, as the sector is growing at a very fast clip. Automobile engineering field requires a lot of determination, dedication and hard work.

Scope

The growth of automobile engineering is such that, it provides a platform for the engineers to explore new horizons and areas. The growth of automobile engineering is very high and it is on the peak of adding more features to this field. India is on the verge of expansion in this sector and it is considered to be one of the leading manufacturers in development and production of two and three wheelers. This made India to be globally recognized by foreign countries.

Due to growth in automobile sector the job opportunities are also growing. There are opportunities lying in the area of manufacturing, service station, transport companies, defense services. One can go for higher studies to gain more experience and can do M.Tech or PhD to further enhance their knowledge. They can also opt for lectureship or for the post of professor in engineering colleges/universities.

Instrumentation engineering

An Introduction

Instrumentation engineering can be referred to as a ‘mixture’ of different subjects that can be the launch pad for many careers. Indeed, instrumentation engineering is an inter-disciplinary branch that includes study of electrical, chemical, electronics as well as computer engineering. Instrumentation and control engineers design manufacture and fix snags in devices or systems that are used to measure or control physical quantities such as temperature, pressure and flow. They step in wherever ‘sensing’ of physical quantities is required and work in power plants, chemical plants, manufacturing facilities, oil refineries, the steel industry as well as with drug makers and software and hardware companies, to name a few avenues.

Instrumentation engineers typically work for industries with automated processes, such as chemical or manufacturing plants, with the goal of improving system productivity, reliability, safety, optimisation and stability. The control of processes is one of the main branches of applied instrumentation.

Scope

Instrumentation engineers can get jobs in R&D units of public and private sector companies. They are also required by the Heavy industries such as Thermal Power Stations, Steel Plants, Refineries, and Cement and Fertilizer Plants BOTH IN Govt. and private sectors like N.F.L., BHEL, Honeywell, SamsungI, IOCL, and SAIL. They have a multidisciplinary role to play. One may choose to move sideways into other career areas either within or outside their industry. This might include areas such as purchasing, sales, marketing, finance, HR, IT or general management.

As per the National Forecast up to year 2015, with so many industries coming up nee doff Instrumentation Engineers is eventually going to increase, as thousands of them are required. These engineers can pursue consultancy-based work. Those who have an aptitude use their expertise they have gained in industry and engage in academic research in universities or acquire a tutoring/coaching role as a lecturer or trainer of instrumentation engineers. Senior level positions are occupied with a Masters Degree and they carry the highest level of responsibility and may include planning and managing activities, as well as leading on new developments. Senior engineers in production and operation functions can often be representatives at board level.

Petroleum engineering

An Introduction

Petroleum engineering is primarily concerned with the economic extraction of oil, gas and other natural resources from the earth. This is accomplished through the design, drilling and operation of wells and well systems, and the integrated management of the underground reservoirs in which the resources are found.

Petroleum engineers locate, recover, and maintain the world's oil and gas supplies. They are the innovators who use cutting-edge technology to create new methods of discovering and drilling for oil. Although there are various job descriptions, petroleum engineers all serve one function-to provide the world with energy, while safeguarding the environment for future generations.

Scope

Career prospects are quite attractive in petroleum sector as petroleum companies have great influence and offer attractive salaries to employees. The demand for petroleum and petroleum products is only expected to increase and the increase would lead to creation of new jobs. In fact, there is great demand of efficient petroleum engineers and almost every young graduate in petroleum engineering gets a job offer from petrol and gas companies from India and overseas.

Whereas private petroleum companies offer attractive salaries to petroleum engineers, government sector oil companies are not far behind in terms of paying attractive salaries and bonuses to employees.

Architecture

Architects are the magicians behind the magic of aesthetically and beautifully designed buildings. What today is considered as one of the most chic professions is one that has definitely come a long way. While capitalism has given the industry an unseen push, it has also brought awareness to consider towards building a greener planet. Career in architecture is not only well paying but also gets the creative juices flowing. One needs to keep the requirements the client or target audience in mind and in the process mold each idea according to their needs and requirements.

Remember that it is the because of the creative ideas of some that we have buildings such as the Burj-al-Arab in Dubai, Taiwan 101 in Taipei, Red Pepper House in Kenya and numerous other architectural marvels. It is up to the architect to convert his architectural design into reality and design it such that the structural aspects can be implemented practically.

Eligibility

For one to be applicable to apply for undergraduate programmes for studying architecture, one must have passed the higher secondary school certificate, i.e. the Class XII examination with science subject such as biology, maths and chemistry. The bachelor’s degree is usually four years long.

If the student is interested in taking his career forward, eligibility for postgraduate programmes will be on the basis of a bachelor's degree in (B.E/B.Tech) or any other equivalent branches of engineering. The duration for this course is two years.

One can also specialize in a particular field if he/she wants to. Specializations such as Lighting, Green building, Construction management, Fire protection engineering, Building transportation systems, Acoustics design and construction are also available apart from many others.

List of Courses available for Architecture

Courses will combine theoretical and practical training. You will develop, sharpen creative skills, and also spend hours in the design studio and work on projects individually as well as in groups

   
1 Diploma in Architecture Engineering
2 Diploma in Architecture Assistantship
3 Bachelor of Engineering in Architecture Engineering
4 Bachelor of Technology in Architecture Engineering
5 Master of Technology in Architecture Engineering
6 Master of Technology in Town & Country Planning
7 Master of Philosophy in Architecture Engineering

Job Prospects

Although in the beginning of your career you would be expected to understand the practical aspects of being on the job and strike the right balance of listening to the client and coming out with a design both aesthetically and practically correct. You will have the option of working with construction companies, builders, independently, consultancies, and many other options as well.

There are also jobs available in the Public sector which will include departments such as National Institute of Urban Affairs, Public Works Department, Housing and Urban Development Corporation, Ministry of Defense, National Building Organization, Archaeological Department, Town and Country Planning Organization, Departments of Railways, Post and Telegraphs, Public Sector Undertakings, National Building Construction Corporation Ltd., etc.

Different profiles are Architect, Architecture Designer, Architecture Engineer, Interior Designer

Biotechnology

An Introduction

Biotechnology is a field with good job prospects. No other country has the unique set of advantages that India offers for large-scale practice of biotechnology. Biotechnology, a combination of biology and technology is an applied science. You can pursue Bioinformatics, an application of biotech and an interdisciplinary field that solves biological problems using computational techniques. It plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics. Another option is Biomedical Engineering, which uses engineering expertise to analyze and solve problems in Biology and Medicine, providing an overall enhancement of healthcare. An important contribution of biomedical engineering is in the design and development of prosthetic devices, which replace or enhance the function of missing, inoperative, natural organs or body parts.

Scope

Biotechnology assimilates in itself a number of disciplines. Further, there is a great demand for biotechnical experts in countless industries and sectors. The following are applications where biotechnological techniques are used extensively:

   
1 Agriculture
2 Animal Husbandry
3 Environment Conservation
4 Genetic Engineering
5 Medicine
6 Industrial Research and Development

Career opportunities for students in biotechnology abound. Those specialising in different sub-disciplines of this field can easily find jobs in both private and government sector undertakings. If you have acquired a post-graduate degree in biotechnology then you can easily find a suitable position in a number of industries. Major recruiters include industries engaged in processing and developing agricultural and biological products, bio-processing industries, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. There are ample opportunities in industries producing healthcare products, textile industry, cosmetics and organisations engaged in different types of industrial research and development. These days a growing number of qualified biotechnical professionals are engaged by different industries for environment protection activities and for the safe disposal of hazardous materials.

Scope

Career prospects are quite attractive in petroleum sector as petroleum companies have great influence and offer attractive salaries to employees. The demand for petroleum and petroleum products is only expected to increase and the increase would lead to creation of new jobs. In fact, there is great demand of efficient petroleum engineers and almost every young graduate in petroleum engineering gets a job offer from petrol and gas companies from India and overseas.

Whereas private petroleum companies offer attractive salaries to petroleum engineers, government sector oil companies are not far behind in terms of paying attractive salaries and bonuses to employees.

Aeronautical engineering

Aeronautical engineering is a division of engineering which concentrates on the progress of latest technology within the field of aviation, space explorations and defense systems. Aeronautical engineering is also called as an aerospace engineering. Aeronautical or aerospace engineering also focuses in the testing, construction, development, designing, operation and maintenance of both commercial and military aircraft, spacecraft's and their components. There are 4 main divisions in the aeronautics field of aerospace industry which includes aircraft engines, missile systems, military aircraft and civilian aircraft. An aeronautical engineer develops designs and tests missiles, aircrafts, satellites and other aeronautical systems.

List of courses:

   
1 Aircraft Maintenance Engineering
2 Bachelor of Science in Aircraft Engineering
3 Bachelor of Engineering in Aeronautical Engineering
4 Bachelor of Technology in Aeronautical Engineering
5 Bachelor of Engineering in Aerospace Engineering
6 Bachelor of Technology in Aerospace Engineering
7 Master of Science in Aircraft Engineering
8 Master of Engineering in Aerospace Engineering
9 Master of Technology in Aerospace Engineering
10 Master of Engineering in Aeronautical Engineering
11 Master of Technology in Aeronautical Engineering
12 Doctor of Philosophy in Aeronautical Engineering

Scope

Aeronautical engineers often work for large aviation companies like Airbus, Boeing and even NASA. These companies are constantly seeking trained engineers. In India aeronautical engineers are mostly employed by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) and the Defense Ministry. One can also look for jobs available with the Civil Aviation Department, National Aeronautical Laboratory, Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

Aerospace engineers are in great need in aircraft industrialized divisions, airline industries and air turbine production plants or designs. They can also seek employment in different areas such as design, development, and maintenance as well as in the managerial and teaching jobs in institutes. This is an incredibly well paid job but it is also very demanding. In future the demand for aerospace engineers will rise because of their requirement in various sectors. There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in foreign countries.

Aircraft maintenance engineering

Introduction

Aircraft maintenance engineering is not a degree or a diploma course, but a training programme. On completion of the training, a licence is issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). The Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Technology program will give you the knowledge and skills required to enter a career as an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (AME) "M". As an "M" licensed AME, you will be responsible for the servicing and repair of aircraft and aircraft components. The program covers all the aspects of aircraft maintenance including general aviation, corporate, charter, transport category aircraft, and helicopters. The program is four semesters in length with a break between semesters two and three. All classes are scheduled at the Art Smith Aero Centre for Training and Technology, located at the Calgary International Airport. Some of the courses in this program are web-based and will require students to access information from the Internet. These courses are delivered in one of the two computer labs available at the Art Smith Aero Centre. Students are not required to purchase a laptop for this program.

Scope

Those who successfully complete the training and obtain DGCA’s licence are eligible to get jobs in airports and aircraft manufacturing or maintenance firms with an attractive salary. As more and more airlines start operations in the private sector, there will be an increase in demand for aircraft maintenance engineers and mechanics.

India is one of the fastest developing countries in the world. Due to the liberalisation policies of the government, there is tremendous growth in civil aviation. Many private airlines and corporations viz., Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Sahara and Air Deccan are operating today with very good operating revenues. To meet the growing need of the passenger airlines, cargo aircrafts, private air taxi operators, business and corporate jets, there exists an urgent need for aircraft maintenance engineers.

Marine engineering

Marine engineering is a division of engineering that deals with the nautical architecture and science. Marine engineering basically is meant for research conducted in oceans and coastal or inland waters connected to the sea. Marine engineers have the entire responsibility of the ship's technical management. They are responsible for selecting the ship’s machinery such as steam turbines, gas turbines and diesel engines and for the design of mechanical, electrical, fluid and control systems throughout the vessel. The construction, operations and maintenance of the engine room are the main obligation of a marine engineer. Marine engineering also comprises of anthropology, engineering, archaeology, sociology and other related studies of human relationships with the sea.

   
1 Diploma in Marine Engineering
2 Bachelor of Engineering in Marine Engineering
3 Bachelor of Technology in Marine Engineering
4 Bachelor of Technology in Naval architecture & Ocean Engineering
5 Master of Technology in Air Armament
6 Master of Engineering in Marine Engineering
7 Master of Technology in Marine Engineering
8 Master of Technology in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture

Scope

Marine engineering is one of the top most career choices made by students in India. There are a lot of career opportunities in this field. Opportunities exist for marine engineers, ocean engineers and naval architects in the private, educational, corporate, and governmental sectors. Marine engineering is the most basic profession as far as ships and navigation is concerned. The construction, operations and maintenance of the engine room are the main responsibilities of a marine engineer.

There are lots of job opportunities available in India as well as in abroad countries. The job of marine engineers has broadened with modern development and electronic navigation. Some of the job fields in marine engineering such as environmental protection, offshore oil recovery, marine metals and corrosion, renewable energy, remote sensing, naval architecture, defense, underwater vehicles, global climate monitoring and marine transportation.

Some job titles: -

   
1 Pumpman
2 Harbor Master
3 Chief Engineer
4 Third Engineer
5 Fourth Engineer
6 Second Engineer
7 Marine Engineering Officers
8 Junior (Fifth) Engineer
9 Navy Weapon Engineering Officer

Nautical Science-

An Introduction

Nautical Engineers ensure that traveling by water is smooth sailing. They are experts in designing and building ships. Using the principles of engineering, nautical engineers make sure ships are safe and efficient. To understand the mechanics behind ship subsystems, you should major in ocean or aerospace engineering as an undergraduate. To specialize in nautical engineering, it is helpful to obtain an advanced degree from a nautical graduate program.

The study of nautical science and ship operations engineering covers all areas required for the nautical or engineering operation of a ship.

Studies in nautical science not only cover nautical, seafaring subjects, but also business management focuses and lead to qualification as a Nautical Officer of the Watch/Captain with a licence to serve on merchant ships of all sizes and all navigable waters.

Studies in ship operations engineering extend to the operation, monitoring and maintenance of marine engine systems and lead to qualification as a Technical Officer of the Watch/Senior Marine Engineer with a license to serve as an engineer on ships of all engine ratings.

BCA (Bachelor of Computer Application)

Bachelor of Computer Applications is a course that is customized for students wishing to shine in the field of computers and information technology.

BCA is an exciting professional discipline offering numerous career opportunities. It is a fascinating and challenging field to develop oneself in IT Sector. After acquiring the Bachelors Degree in Computer Application (BCA) there is further educational opportunities to pursue Masters Degree programs in Computer Applications, Computer Science etc. This program provides good working knowledge in Database and Internet applications including a deep insight of Information Technology

Eligibility Criteria

Any student who have passed the 12th class minimum of 55% marks in there 12th class can join the BCA course.There is no compulsion of having Physics,Chemistry and Maths subject in the 12th class.Even Arts and Commerce students can also join this course.

Higher studies options after BCA:

   
1 MCA (Master of Computer Applications)
2 Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications
3 Post Graduate Programme in Corporate Studies (PGPCS)
4 MBA in Information Technology

What career after BCA :

   
1 Auditors
2 Book Keepers
3 Budget Analysts
4 Finance Managers
5 Teacher/lecturer
6 Marketing Managers

Job Opportunities for BCA :

Job prospects are available in various areas like programming, networking, system administration etc. There are many companies which specialize in these areas like WIPRO, TCS etc. But the scope is not limited to the IT companies. Most organizations whether big or small nowadays will have requirements in the IT sections. These include Banking sector, Telecommunication sector, Dairy Sector etc. It is important to select the job based on the profile interest. Many of the leading colleges do assist their students in finding suitable jobs. The opportunities available after completion of Masters course is higher. On gaining experience they can reach higher positions in their career.There are quite a few options available in Government sector. They have options like working for the Petroleum sector like ONGC, Bharat Petroleum or to work for Telecom Sector BSNL, MTNL etc. Most of the Government organizations do need candidates of this profile. Opportunities are also available under various ministries. But to join any of these organizations the candidates will need to clear the entrance exams or PSC tests. BCA candidates can also try for jobs in the electronic data entry departments on a permanent as well as contract basis.

BSc IT (Bachelor of Science in Information Technology)

Bachelor of Science in Information Technology BSc(IT) offers the best in IT education. Right from the fundamentals in Information Technology, programming languages to advanced courseware on Java and .Net you can learn a lot and gain immensely from this undergraduate degree program. It trains you in Software Engineering, Computer Systems Architecture, Database Management System, and Data Structures. You have myriad career opportunities as Software Developer, Web Designer or Systems Manager. Today smart, successful businesses use I.T. to give them an extra-edge to stay ahead of the competition. I.T. is soon becoming a 'driver' rather than an 'enabler'• of business. It is used for processes like Office Automation, Management Information Systems for fast decision making, R & D, re-engineering and organizational transformation. The program takes the student beyond computer skills to telecommunication systems and networking to e-commerce, internet security and Enterprise Resource Planning. This program will give a strategic advantage to the future of the Indian Manager.

Eligibility criteria for admission to bsc IT :

   
1 To be eligible for this program, one must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM)
2 Should have secured 45%- 60% marks. This requirement may change from college to college.

Higher studies options after BSc IT :

   
1 MSc. IT
2 MCA
3 MBA
4 MS

Higher studies options after BSc IT :

Career opportunities are available for IT graduates both in India as well as abroad. Once students have completed their studies, they can get jobs with firms of the private or public sectors. Because of the use of information technology in all most all fields today, the IT sector has seen a tremendous growth in the past few years. A few job types available for students of B.Sc IT are:

   
1 Software Engineer / Programmer
2 Developer (.NET / JAVA / C++ etc...)
3 Network Administrator
4 Database Administrator
5 Network Programmer
6 Tester
7 System Analyst
8 Business Analyst
9 System Engineer
10 Hardware Engineer
11 Support Specialist

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